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美国帝国主义与菲律宾殖民
话题: 美国, 菲律宾, 美西战争 页数: 5(1569字) 发布时间: 2013年3月6日
美国帝国主义与菲律宾殖民

具有讽刺意味的是,1898年的美西战争是美国人为帮助古巴人争取古巴主权而进行的部分斗争,而美国最终殖民了他们从西班牙赢得的某些领土,例如菲律宾。尽管美国以前声称只支持独立和民主,但美国还是一个帝国主义大国,并且殖民了菲律宾(任务单中的美西战争和菲律宾叛乱简介)。这导致了由不满的菲律宾人领导的菲律宾叛乱,他们通过游击战与美军作战(康林545)。康林指出,许多美国人为争取独立而在菲律宾与“人民革命”作斗争而丧生(康林545)。多年前,美国人为古巴独立而战。在菲律宾叛乱期间,美国为压制菲律宾人对美国对菲律宾殖民的愤怒进行了斗争。美国人辩称,盎格鲁-撒克逊人优于菲律宾人,菲律宾人无力维持主权,从而为菲律宾殖民定了辩护,菲律宾的殖民地将在经济上使美国受益。

Americans believed that Anglo-Saxons were superior to the Filipinos. Albert J. Beveridge from Indiana wrote that God made the “English-speaking and Teutonic peoples…the master organizers of the world” (Beveridge, 15). Beveridge believed that Anglo-Saxons were the dominant race of the world and that they needed to govern their inferiors to “establish system where chaos reigns” (Beveridge, 15). Beveridge wrote that Americans were “trustees of the world’s progress” (Beveridge, 15) because he believed Americans were more economically and socially advanced than other ethnicities. These claims helped to justify why colonizing the Philippines was acceptable. In the cartoon “Types and Development of Man,” the American-European man is portrayed to be the most developed in the hierarchy of the evolution of man (Types and Development of Man cartoon, 20). Josiah Strong, a Reverend, describes the Americans of the Anglo-Saxon ethnicity as having a “superior vigor [in] our people” (Strong, 2). He wrote that a “marked characteristic” of Anglo-Saxons are their “instinct or genius for colonizing” (Strong, 2). One of the Anglo-Saxon’s distinguishing features is his ability to colonize inferior countries. Strong continued to write about how an Anglo-Saxon has “unequaled energy” and “indomitable perseverance” (Strong, 2). The words “unequaled” and “indomitable” (Strong, 2) show that Anglo-Saxons are unconquerable and undefeated socially, physically, and intellectually. Although Strong wrote his book before the Spanish American War and the Philippine insurrection, his ideas on Anglo-Saxon superiority were similar to other people’s ideas that justified the United States’s colonization of the Philippines years later.

美国人认为,他们有宗教责任管理和保护菲律宾人。美国人声称,菲律宾人不如盎格鲁撒克逊人,因此无法维持自治。贝弗里奇写道,菲律宾人是一个“野蛮的种族”(贝弗里奇,14岁),经历了数年的“政府腐败”(贝弗里奇,15岁),因此没有“盎格鲁-撒克逊意义上的自治”(贝弗里奇)。 ,15)。贝弗里奇认为,上帝已经准备好“讲英语的条顿人”来管理“无法控制自己的菲律宾人”的“野蛮和老龄化的人民”(贝弗里奇15)。 《卡通2》将菲律宾描述为争夺山姆大叔注意力的婴儿。成年成年人山姆大叔比婴儿高。儿童的身心发育不如成年人。美国作为菲律宾父母的家长式描写表明美国有必要殖民菲律宾。没有...
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